Name Authorities

  • Alexandria Digital Library Gazetteer Place Name Set (ADL Gazetteer)
    The ADL Project has created a list of all of the names, both primary and alternative names, from its ADL Gazetteer and is making it available for download and local use within the limits of our copyright statement. We anticipate that the list will be useful for geoparsing applications where geographic names need to be identified in natural language text. Each entry in the list, one line per entry, consists of (1) the ADL Gazetteer Identifier for the entry associated with the name; (2) the name; (3) the date of entry into the database.The ADL Gazetteer Identifier for particular entries can be used with the Gazetteer Service Protocol to retrieve standard reports for the entry.

  • Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT)
    The Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) is a structured vocabulary currently containing around 131,000 terms and other information about concepts. Terms in AAT may be used to describe art, architecture, decorative arts, material culture, and archival materials. Terms for any concept may include the plural form of the term, singular form, natural order, inverted order, spelling variants, various forms of speech, and synonyms that have various etymological roots. Among these terms, one is flagged as the preferred term, or descriptor.

  • Biographie-Portal (Biographical Portal) (Bio-Portal)
    The “Biographical Portal” is a cooperative project of the Bavarian State Library, the Historical Committee at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities, the Austrian Academy of Sciences, and the Foundation Historical Dictionary of Switzerland. A joint index makes available the following works: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (Universal German Biography), Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (New German Biography), Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815-1950 (ÖBL) (Austrian Dictionary of Biography 1815–1950), Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz (HLS) (Historical Dictionary of Switzerland). Publication of the HLS, NDB, and ÖBL, is still underway. In this way, more than 100,000 scholarly biographies of persons from all social backgrounds and nearly all periods of German, Austrian, and Swiss history may be accessed. Further national and regional biographical works of reference are planned for future inclusion in the portal.

  • Cathedral Libraries Catalogue: Names of printing towns (Names of printing towns)
    This list gives English or other vernacular forms for the Latin names of printing towns as found in early printed books. There are also some references for early spellings of vernacular forms of names. This is a working document of the Cathedral Libraries Catalogue and is not intended to replace the lists in Orbis Latinus, Brunet, etc.

  • Consortium of European Research Libraries Thesaurus (CERL Thesaurus)
    The CERL Thesaurus contains names of persons, corporate bodies, places and printers/publishers recorded in books or other material printed during the hand-press era (1450 - ca. 1830). Authority files contributed by CERL member libraries and other libraries/projects concentrating on the history of the book are brought together and made searchable in one single system. The CERL Thesaurus currently comprises 724,857 records (14 December 2009).

  • Cultural Objects Name Authority (CONA)
    CONA includes authority records for cultural works, including architecture and movable works such as paintings, sculpture, prints, drawings, manuscripts, photographs, textiles, ceramics, furniture, other visual media such as frescoes and architectural sculpture, performance art, archaeological artifacts, and various functional objects that are from the realm of material culture and of the type collected by museums. The focus of CONA is works cataloged in scholarly literature, museum collections, visual resources collections, archives, libraries, and indexing projects with a primary emphasis on art, architecture, or archaeology. The coverage is global, from prehistory through the present. Names or titles may be current, historical, and in various languages.

  • Deutsche Biografie (German Biography) (NDB-ADB)
    The "Deutsche Biografie" provides a structured lexical expertise to more than 90,000 historical figures from all areas of public life. It currently includes digital full texts of more than 46,000 historical and biographical articles in the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB, 56 volumes, 1875-1912) and Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB online so far 22 volumes since 1953) and links the library resources of the Bavarian State Library, the Bavarian union catalog and the German National Library.

  • Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC)
    The Dewey Decimal Classification is a proprietary system of library classification developed by Melvil Dewey in 1876. This system organizes books on library shelves in a specific and repeatable order that makes it easy to find any book and return it to its proper place. is an experimental space for linked DDC data. The initial data set available is a linked data version of the DDC Summaries in ten languages. The intention of the prototype is to be a platform for Dewey data on the Web.

  • European Heritage Network Thesaurus (HEREIN Thesaurus)
    The multilingual thesaurus attached to the HEREIN project intends to offer a terminological standard for national policies dealing with architectural and archaeological heritage, as defined in the Convention of Granada (October 1985) and Valletta (January 1992).

  • Eurovoc Thesaurus (Eurovoc)
    Eurovoc is a multilingual thesaurus covering the fields in which the European Communities are active; it provides a means of indexing the documents in the documentation systems of the European institutions and of their users. The European Parliament, the Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, the national and regional parliaments in Europe, some national government departments and European organisations are currently using this controlled vocabulary. The European institutions, the national parliaments and the various users of Eurovoc have cooperated to produce this edition.